About Geology

Mineral Reserves

Andhra Pradesh’s varied geology has a rich and wide variety of minerals suitable for various mineral specific industries. The State is a treasure house for 48 minerals and more specifically for Gold, Diamond, Bauxite, Beach Sand, Limestone, Coal, Oil & Natural Gas, Manganese, Dolomite, Quartz, Feldspar, precious & Semi-precious stones, Clays, Calcite, Steatite, Iron Ore, Base Metals, Barytes, Uranium, Granite, Limestone Slabs, Marbles, Dimensional Stones and other Building Minerals.

It is evident from Table 1 given below that Andhra Pradesh is very rich in certain mineral reserves such as Bauxite, Barytes, Heavy minerals from beach sand, Limestone and Mica when compared to other States of India.

Table 1: Mineral profile of Andhra Pradesh

 

Mineral

District

A. P. Resources (million tonnes)

India Total Resources
(million tonnes)

% of India’s Resources in AP

Production in 2014-15 (in million tonnes)

A. Major minerals:

Heavy Mineral Beach Sands

Srikakukam, Vizianagaram Vishakapatnam, East & West Godavari , Krishna,

327.25

1078

30.4%

0.34

Bauxite

Vishakapatnam,

East Godavari

615.27

3479.62

17.7%

0

Limestone

Kurnool, Kadapa, Guntur, Krishna, Ananthapur

17432.5

184935.1

9.4%

34.8

Diamond

Ananthapur, Kurnool, Krishna

18.23 lakh carats

319.22 lakh carats

5.7%

0

Manganese

Srikakulam, Vizianagaram,

15.75

429.98

3.7%

0.26

Graphite

Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakapatnam,

East Godavari,

6.03

174.9

3.4%

0

Gold

Chittoor, Kurnool, Kadapa, Ananthapur

12.46

493.69

2.5%

0

Low-grade Iron ore

Prakasam, Guntur Ananthapur, Kurnool,

285.82

17882

1.6%

0.72

Coal

West Godavari

2000

298914

0.7%

0

Lead-zinc

Guntur, Kadapa

4.31

685.6

0.6%

0

Copper

Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool

8.74

1558.46

0.6%

0

B. Minor Minerals:

Barytes

Kadapa, Ananthapur, Nellore

67.98

72.73

93.5%

0.99

Calcite

Visakhapatnam

8.80

20.90

42.1%

0.02

Mica

Nellore

0.22

0.53

41.5%

0.06

Ochre

Kadapa, Kurnool

10.88

144.26

7.5%

0.22

Talc/Steatite/Soapstone

Chittoor, Ananthapur, Kadapa, Kurnool

11.24

269

4.2%

0.09

Laterite

East Godavari, Kadapa, Nellore, Kurnool

10.0

470.8

1.9%

2.44

Black / Galaxy / Color Granite (in mn cum)

All districts except Nellore & West Godavari

132.5

46230

0.2%

1.27