About Geology

Geology and mineral profile of state

Geologically, the State forms a part of peninsular India and is one of the most ancient land masses. The geological formations of Andhra Pradesh range from the most ancient to the recent. The State consists of Igneous, Sedimentary & Metamorphic formations. The Peninsular Gneissic Complex consists of Archaean group covered by a complex group of Gneisses and Schists. The Precambrian sedimentary formation of the Kadapa Super Group and Kurnool Group are found in Kurnool, Kadapa, Ananthapur, Chittoor, Guntur, Prakasam and Krishna districts. The Deccan traps are found in East and West Godavari districts. Outcrops Tertiary formations are found in East and West Godavari and Visakhapatnam districts and the Quaternary sediments occurring as thick blankets of alluvium are found in the river valleys, deltas and along the East coast.

Figure 1: Geological and mineral map of Andhra Pradesh

Figure 2: District-wise mineral opportunities in Andhra Pradesh


:: Links to Important Minerals::


Heavy Mineral(Beach)Sands

  • Ilmenite
  • Monazite
  • Garnet

Lime Stone





Iron Ore

Base Metals

  • Copper Ore
  • Lead & Zinc